Angel shark (Squatina squatina)
Critically endangered on the IUCN Red List.
Found in the north-eastern Atlantic, Squatina squatina spends most of its time buried under mud or sand on the sea floor. Here it waits for its prey, usually other fish, crustaceans, and molluscs, and ambushes anything that comes too close. During the summer, those in the northern part of its range migrate northwards. At around 2.4 metres long, S. squatina is not a threat to humans, although it may bite if provoked.
S. squatina is often caught in nets as by-catch, particularly by trawl fisheries, as they live on the sea floor. This has caused a dramatic decline in numbers, and this species is now considered extinct in the North Sea.
This species, and all other Squatina, are protected around the Balearic Islands, as fishing for these species is banned. There are no other protective measures for S. squatina in the other parts of its range.